Wednesday, 6 October 2021

Adaptation Delayism - preventing urgently needed dialogue and initiative

This is an excerpt from a new article in a peer-reviewed psychological studies journal that is published by a professional organization of psychotherapists. The excerpt provides critical analysis of some of the most widely cited criticisms of so-called 'doomism' that have been made by research groups led by non-specialists in psychology. 

Psychotherapists and psychologists have a useful role to play in helping scholars explore how their inner worlds are affecting their contributions to the fields of climate research and policy. It should be uncontroversial to state that emotions play a key role in the shaping of scientific study, from the development of questions, means of analysis, discovering insights, and deciding what to communicate and how (Thagard, 2002). However, the idea that researchers are like machines, or aspire to be, is still widely promoted. Such a claim to objectivity is problematic for many reasons, with one reason being that it means institutions of scholarship do not help their professionals develop greater self-awareness so that greater wisdom might emerge. Without attention to how our inner worlds shape our research, analysis, and communication choices, patterns of experiential avoidance in the emotionally distressing field of climate scholarship might be distorting the quality of academic activities. Rather than allow difficult emotions of fear, sadness, shame and anger, instead the suppression of them may mean that they unconsciously drive the academic process in some scholars. That could lead to them projecting their inner worlds onto others, as well as projecting blame onto them. The existence of people who are openly sharing their views on worst case scenarios and their painful emotions about that could be regarded, consciously or (most likely) not, by some observers as threatening their own coping mechanisms as persons either experientially avoidant or at risk of depression.

Most academic research papers on climate issues claim objectivity and suggest an absence of emotional drivers for their work. That is even the case for most papers in the social sciences. A close look at one paper will reveal how this approach could be enabling experientially avoidance amongst researchers, and unhelpful aggression towards people in society being described by such research. I choose the paper “Discourses of Climate Delay” (Lamb et al, 2020) as it was widely promoted amongst both scholars and commentators and is cited as a key text for claiming there is something called “doomism” which is described as bad. It reported that “we derive our initial list of discourses from an expert elicitation of the study co-authors”, which is a complicated way of saying the co-authors created their categories of discourse by conversations amongst themselves rather than analysing texts using any methods of discourse analysis. There is no evidence in this paper of any knowledge of discourse analysis methods, let alone critical discourse analysis, which would be appropriate for an attempt to explain influence of discourses on power i.e. policy agendas and decisions (Gee and Handford, 2013; Bendell et al, 2017). From a theoretical basis of using the term ‘discourse’ simply as a way of talking, rather than a huge field of sociological theory and research, and an empirical basis of discussing together what they want to criticise, this is what the authors wrote about what they describe as “doomism”:

"Doomism further argues that any actions we take are too little, too late. Catastrophic climate change is already locked-in: “The climate apocalypse is coming. To prepare for it, we need to admit that we can’t prevent it” (New Yorker opinion article). Such statements evoke fear and can result in a paralysing state of shock and resignation (Hulme, 2019). This discourse implies that mitigation is futile and suggests that the only possible response is adaptation – or in religious versions, by trusting our fate to “God’s hands”. As with many other discourses of delay, the surrender category does not favour the difficult work of building climate engagement and deliberating over effective solutions. (p.4-5)"

The only data they use to highlight “doomism” is one article in the New Yorker. They only reference one academic study for the claim of a “paralysing” effect (Hulme, 2019), which was not from psychology or psychotherapy, thereby ignoring a whole discipline. That academic study revealed no references in it to any of the fields that guide the analysis of discourse e.g. cognitive linguistics, narratology, discourse analysis, or critical discourse analysis. The problem with this atheoretical approach to discourse on climate is that they might inadvertently block a deeper consideration of the topics addressed. A short analysis of their statements about “doomism” in the diagram that is contained in the paper reveals the ideological assumptions that produce their claims and limit imagination.

The paper states that “doomism” implies: “Any mitigation actions we take are too little, too late.” (p.2) They offer no clarification on what it is too late for. Many climate activists today, such as those in XR and Deep Adaptation, claim that it is too late for industrial consumer society, too late for reformism, too late for incremental change, and too late for imagining that people will escape further and massive loss and damage in the near future. Some people are also arguing it is too late for the ideology that underpinned the destruction and has failed to inform significant change (Bendell and Carr, 2021). Just because it is too late for certain objectives does not mean it is too late for seeking to do anything. To not look closely at this issue might suggest an unwillingness to imagine anything beyond modernity and the progress of technological consumer society.

The paper next states that “doomism” implies: “Catastrophic climate change is already locked in.” (p.2) That is a widespread view amongst many scientists and it is already happening for many people other than the authors of this paper. The paper then states that “doomism” implies: “We should adapt, or accept our fate in the hands of God or nature.” (p.2)  Here they imply that adaptation is inactive, and against seeking emissions reductions and drawdown, despite the evidence that people are working on this whole agenda. Accepting one’s fate is assumed to be demotivating by these authors, despite there being a lot of research and current data to show the opposite – that a realisation of mortality and a relinquishment of certainty of impact or outcome can inspire courage and boldness.

By vilifying people who are seeking to integrate worst-case scenarios of climate change into their outlook and decisions, some scholars and commentators risk distracting society from a deeper focus on adaptation. That could constitute a form of ‘Adaptation Delayism’ that leaves the field of collapse risk, readiness and response to agencies and elites beyond the view, or potential influence, of an engaged civil society. To help address this problem, psychologists and psychotherapists could engage with scholars who are making such mistakes in their assumptions about human psychology, so that delays in engagement with adaptation are not further encouraged. 

The references for this section are found in the full article, by Professor Jem Bendell, which is available for free download and as an audio recording. It has been discussed in articles by leading figures in Extinction Rebellion (Skeena Rathor and Andrew Medhurst).

Full reference:

Bendell, J. (2021). Psychological insights on discussing societal disruption and collapse., Ata: Journal of Psychotherapy Aotearoa New Zealand, 25 (1), 45–63.

Tuesday, 1 June 2021

Cross-sector Collaboration and Partnership Working: Skills to futureproof your career


Julie Hutchison, Specialist Lecturer, University of Cumbria

In looking at how to approach the ‘problems without passports’ that we now face, the knowledge and skills many of us learned a long time ago just aren’t enough to set us up for the future. Today’s working patterns and careers are far less linear than in the past.  As you navigate your own decisions about the type of work and roles which interest you, you might like to consider an additional source of support during moments of transition: the support which comes from meeting new people, and investing time in thinking about new ideas, in a supportive learning environment.

A common thread in many lines of work is the need to operate across boundaries in shared projects.  Cross-sector collaboration, partnership working, community engagement – these are all terms you might come across, but what’s involved?  How can these things be done well, and what can be learned from case studies and the experience of others?

The University of Cumbria offers a post-graduate course which looks at Strategic Partnerships and Community Engagement.  It reflects on the spectrum of relationships you may encounter, and the language and practices around them.  You will explore the lifecycle of partnerships and take on a practical task of reviewing and/or writing a short partnership agreement.  Case studies of successful and failed partnerships are explored and reflected upon.  Negotiation skills are put into use.  The private, public, academic and charity sectors are all considered in the context of cross-sector collaboration and partnership working.  This all takes place on our Ambleside campus, within a UNESCO World Heritage site and this provides a great setting for exploring both the theory and practice connected to these concepts.

Even pre-COVID, the course involved an online element, with an initial welcome and induction webinar prior to the on-campus element.  In 2021, we look forward to a return to the three-day residential on site in Ambleside, from 19 to 21 July.

If you’re looking to immerse yourself in a new environment, to be part of a supportive learning environment and to build new skills in cross-sector collaboration and partnership working, this short course could be for you. 

More information about the Strategic Partnerships and Community Engagement short course can be found here and you can book one of the few remaining places via this link:

Wednesday, 24 March 2021

Monetary adaptation to planetary emergency: new paper addresses the monetary growth imperative

“There is no way out of our Covid debts with the current monetary system, unless we speed up our consumption and destruction of ecosystems which then increases the risk of future pandemics. It's a debt catch-22 that we will only escape with monetary reform. The deaf ears of politicians on this matter is why some people think a Money Rebellion has become necessary,” explains co-author Professor Jem Bendell, University of Cumbria. 

This new research paper “Monetary Adaptation to Planetary Emergency” joins the debate about what can be done about the massive Covid-related public debts. It argues that there is no way out of this debt situation that won't make future pandemics more likely, unless there is monetary reform. The authors argue that neither more GDP growth nor more borrowing is the solution to unprecedented levels of debt. Instead, the role of government treasuries, central banks and banks must now change.

Currently, money is created by private banks when they issue loans. This paper argues that such a system means that our economies are forced to expand, whether or not a population wants that. Such a Monetary Growth Imperative arising from the unique privilege of private banks issuing money is now untenable due to both climate change and evidence that environmental damage generates pandemic risk.

The paper notes the increasing likelihood of disruptions to economic systems from the direct and indirect impacts of environmental change means that the current monetary system is neither resilient nor helping humanity become more resilient.

For twenty years, and with little influence, some environmental economists argued that the way money is issued into circulation forces the economy to grow, and that only fundamental monetary reform could change that. But over the last decade some economists influential in environmental policy communities, including the field of degrowth (and postgrowth), have argued that capitalism without growth is theoretically possible. This paper shows, in simple terms, they were mistaken to conclude that, and it makes the case again for systemic changes to our monetary systems.

Therefore, the authors show how even green-tinged economists have been misinforming both activists and policy makers. The paper suggests that as members of the establishment, academics often have a bias towards questions, conclusions and narratives which will be acceptable to power. As an economist, sociologist and community activist, the three authors call on the economics profession to look again at the way the banking systems force our economies to expand in order to avoid disruption to businesses, jobs and financial assets. They argue that no criticism of capitalism is coherent nor a credible basis for alternatives unless it addresses the Monetary Growth Imperative.  

“The world is in an unprecedented mess. This means, among other things, that economists should question their assumptions, or risk becoming outdated and toxic. The money system is a major, often overlooked driver of economic behaviour, and it needs urgent reform. It's time for a radical overhaul," explains co-author Professor Christian Arnsperger, University of Lausanne. . 

It is the first academic paper that directly challenges economists in the environmental field to stop being anti-radical in their assessment of the need for monetary reform.

“Despite recent academic doubts, the current monetary system requires that economies must expand in order for the money supply to be sufficient to service debts. That means there must be wholesale monetary reform to reduce the destructive pressure on the environment and give space for communities and societies to try to adapt,” explains co-author Matthew Slater, Community Forge. 

The authors conclude that if they are issued in responsible ways that protect privacy and rights, then Central Bank Digital Currencies are one policy option to help countries to escape the Covid debt catch-22. “At least the rise of crypto currencies has been an innovative disruption which is propelling some central banks to shift into the 21st century” said Professor Bendell, who ten years ago predicted that Facebook would launch a currency one day, and described Bitcoin as making people rich, in his TEDx speech on the need for monetary innovation and reform. 

The paper also provides backing for a novel approach to monetary policy where governments would enable the widespread use of different currencies for accumulation and for circulation.

How will these ideas get any traction within the field of economics? Perhaps the climate crisis will be the trigger. Looking at the climate movement, Professor Bendell explains that: 

“Many campaigners and policy makers claim that we now need system change because of the climate crisis. They can be forgiven for not knowing how that must involve changing the monetary system, as the topics of money and banking have been made opaque by many economists. So let’s simplify the matter this way. The current money system means that humanity is being forced to expand our consumption and destruction of the natural world, threatening life on Earth. Therefore you would not be credible to call for bold action on climate if you are not calling for deep changes in banking. So while it might be fashionable in some circles to say neoliberalism is over or that capitalism is broken, unless you get specific on the brokenness of the monetary system and what must change, then you aren’t coherent. The burning forests, flooding cities and failing harvests tell us that we are out of time for pussy footing on deep changes to banking and monetary systems ” 

The paper can be downloaded here

A recording of a webinar with the authors will become available here

Share news on this paper and topic with the hashtags #monetaryadaptation and #adaptingmoney

If you are working on this, then consider the Business and Finance discussion group of the Deep Adaptation Forum. In addition the global Scholars Warning initiative have a discussion thread on economics within its community. if you have a doctorate, you cab consider signing the letter and joining the initiative here.

A previous Occasional Paper from IFLAS explored more local level currency innovation to generate more community resilience to external shocks.

To reference this paper:

Arnsperger, Christian, Bendell, Jem and Slater, Matthew (2021) Monetary adaptation to planetary emergency: addressing the monetary growth imperative. Institute for Leadership and Sustainability (IFLAS) Occasional Papers Volume 8. University of Cumbria, Ambleside, UK.

To reference this blog:

IFLAS (2021) Monetary adaptation to planetary emergency: new paper addresses the monetary growth imperative, Blog of the Initiative for Leadership and Sustainability (IFLAS), March 21st, University of Cumbria, UK.

The video of the webinar to launch the research paper on the need to transform out monetary system:

Monday, 15 March 2021

People-Centred Health and Deep Adaptation - by Asiya Odugleh-Kolev of the World Health Organisation

This is a guest blog from a recent participant in the Sustainable Leadership and Deep Adaptation short course, offered by the University of Cumbria. Asiya Odugleh-Kolev is a technical officer at the World Health Organisation, and a member of the Holding Group of the Deep Adaptation Forum.

As the COVID-19 pandemic challenges both health systems and whole communities around the world, the matter of how we help each other maintain physical, mental and emotional health in the context of social distancing is a hot topic of conversation. People are realising that one cannot be separated from the other. They are all deeply interconnected and contribute to our health and overall sense of wellbeing. In fact, the restriction of traditional ways of being with others has focused attention on precisely what we have lost - the quality and nature of our participation in relationship, whether at the family, community, organizational and societal level and how we give and receive. Where these relationships have been healthy and functional, we have mourned their loss. Where these relationships have been dysfunctional and toxic, the result has been an increase in violence.[1] [2]  I am convinced that as humanity is challenged more by all kinds of disruptions and disturbances, belonging, community and our ability to relate will become more important. To meet that challenge, we need more creative approaches to health, that integrate all aspects of who we are, moving beyond the limitations of some of the current medical orthodoxy.

My work at the World Health Organisation’s Integrated Health Services Department, is concerned with how we take a whole-person whole-system approach to community engagement and how such an approach can support health services become more resilient and people-centred so that health care environments are capable of contributing to the health and well-being of their own workforce and the populations they serve. This work is essential to break down silos created by standard medical knowledge. I have seen how disconnected a health system can be from itself and the needs of the communities they serve. Whether working in Sierra Leone during epidemics, or in the UK with refugee families, I have experienced and observed first-hand some of the deep flaws in our mindsets and healthcare systems. Content and process are routinely separated which in turn creates multiple blind spots in health service planning, delivery and experience.  In fact, the integration of the promotion of health in our everyday interactions through human connection and relationship building is the exception rather than the norm in every country I have visited.

Why is this the case? Like other sectors, health has been shaped by its historical legacy and shored up by disciplinary silos across the sciences that impede collective learning and sense-making.  It is not what we know but how that knowledge is applied to address real world problems that still challenges us.  Our healthcare systems were originally designed to diagnose and treat disease. They were driven by the eradication of infectious diseases that were prevalent at the time hence the focus on technical solutions such as vaccines, anti-biotics and water and sanitation programmes.  The consequence of such a system has been to reduce people to body parts and minimize investments in the social determinants of health.  A lot has already been written by others about the need to evolve from a bio-medical mindset – especially as more people find themselves in a period of sustained uncertainty and disruption. The irony is that the need for more socially-based interventions are coming from the natural sciences. Imaging and diagnostic tools that have allowed us to peer inside our brains and bodies and the work of scientists on gene function and expression are all reinforcing the critical connection between the mind, the body and lived experience.[3]  The neural architecture and algorithms that humans need for navigating life and making sense of the world are laid down in early childhood. Consequently, as a species we know an awful lot about what contributes to building healthy individuals, families, communities, schools, and workplaces. yet that knowledge is not being translated into supporting the adaption and evolution of our systems of human organization and governance across all sectors.[4]

It has been estimated that it takes roughly 17 years or longer for research to become integrated and mainstreamed into the health sector, with most innovation taking place outside of formal health systems.[5] [6] Furthermore, science itself is only just catching up with indigenous knowledge and ways of knowing about our interconnectedness. I have often said that we need to acknowledge the science of common sense. Indigenous knowledge and ways of relating and living has been built over thousand of years of observation.  Research has shown that lack of social connection is a greater detriment to health than obesity, smoking and high blood pressure, and that genes impacted by loneliness also code for immune function and inflammation.[7] [8] According to the Stanford Centre for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education, “strong social connections boost immunity and lengthen life. People who feel more connected to others have lower levels of anxiety and depression, higher self-esteem, and greater empathy for others. They are also more trusting and cooperative, and others are therefore more open to trusting and cooperating with them. In other words, social connectedness generates a positive feedback loop of social, emotional and physical well-being”.[9] [10]

We don’t need a medical degree to understand how humans are born to bond and wired to connect, and human relationships are the primary social “building block” of community. Yet the breakdown of extended families, the increasing isolation of caregivers and the stress people are exposed to through social adversity and life events deeply affect their ability to connect and to form and sustain healthy relationships. Understanding this complexity is important for develop more systemic interventions that help individuals and communities to cope and to thrive. This means connecting the dots between different disciplines, including brain sciences and the relational sciences, and the social and emotional contexts in which clinical and technical work gets done. When it is carried out with this intention, community engagement can become a transformative process and a mechanism to reorient public sector institutions, starting with health. Institutions and places of work have to become the new “relational schools” of the present and future.

The need for the medical systems of the world to evolve beyond the limitations of a standard medical mindset feels important to me personally. I was born into an oral society in East Africa where relationships define who we are and our culture. Relationship and connection are in my DNA. But early childhood trauma also taught me what disconnection and isolation feel like and what the long-term consequences can be to someone’s development. It has taken decades of self-reflection and inner work to learn how to feel safe in my relationships so that I can contribute to mutually empowering relationships that are interdependent. For instance, during my work with refugee communities in the UK, I found it much easier to help others find their voice than to express my own needs and preferences. It has been a painful yet joyful process that has brought me to my knees but also enabled me to celebrate significant success.

I share with you my own journey because an aspect of the standard medical mindset which needs to change has been to downplay our own humanity, beyond the important oath to do no harm.  I remember one of my directors telling me over a decade ago that public health has traditionally played the role of Cinderella to medicine. However, COVID-19 has demonstrated that individual and population-based approaches are inseparable. The pandemic has also focused attention on the needs of the health workforce and there have been increasing calls on the need for compassion at all levels with a  particular emphasis on health leadership.  This means tackling chronic work overload, acute staff shortages,  workforce attrition and retention as well and dealing with relational crises.[11] This was before the virus appeared and in a COVID world will require a different kind of investment.  For example, roughly 54 million people experience workplace bullying in the US, and healthcare organizations have the highest incidence of bullying across all sectors.[12] Studies from Europe show that half of all doctors report symptoms of depression, exhaustion, dissatisfaction and a sense of failure, compromising patient safety and service quality, and contributing to medical errors. [13] [14] Lateral or horizontal violence in nursing is also described as a “persistent occupational hazard within the global nursing workforce”.[15]

There is no magic bullet when the problem is the confluence of multiple factors to create a culture that needs radical self-love and a reorientation to purpose. Namely, a hierarchical structure, patriarchy, silos, and outdated, fragmented medical curricula and methods of professional training.[16] When asked, health system changemakers have often described the culture and leadership of health systems as being one of command and control and highly masculinized. Given that 50-75% of the global health workforce are women, the brunt of caring and front-line delivery of health services falls on those who do not have a voice at the decision-making table and are unable to have their needs heard.

The phrase “physician heal thyself” echoes through the ages, and into the corridors of the World Health Organisation. Because we cannot encourage a shift to more people-centred approaches across the world, if we do not explore what this means for our own lives and work. Therefore, I am an active member of a Change Agent Network to transform our own culture and ways of working. I am also collaborating internally and externally to promote innovation in research to address gaps in evidence for community engagement, while learning from changemakers around the world about how they are leading successful change at different levels of the health system. As part of this work, and my own desire to expand and deepen my own leadership practice, I discovered the Deep Adaptation movement. Here I met people who were either experiencing or anticipating societal disruption and even collapse, and responding by emphasising the opportunities for holistic transformations of self and society.

This is important, because there are increasing indicators that we must take the possibility of greater societal disruptions seriously. In my experience, the transdisciplinarity needed for our health systems to address precursors to societal disruption and collapse remains at the stage of initial ideas. Deep Adaptation provides a framework, among others aligned with profound transformation of self and society and inspiration to go further in that work. It also offers a framework for how we can have a different quality of conversation within our organizations.

It may seem very bleak to some, especially who have had no experience of societal disruptions in their recent cultural history. Yet, given my own life experience, I have some faith that out of a situation of growing health stresses and disruptions, we can start to connect the dots and there can be the opportunity for the health sector to begin to renew its purpose and meaning alongside similar efforts in the education sector. To become partners in collective action to heal our organizations and reintegrate physical, mental, emotional and social health – as in WHO’s definition of health. [17] [18] [19]


IFLAS is taking enrolments in the next offering of the Sustainable Leadership and Deep Adaptation Course, online for 5 days from July 12th, with a one-day conference in September. The course is led by Professor Jem Bendell. His co-edited book on #DeepAdaptation is now available for pre-order.

Tuesday, 9 March 2021

Citizenship and Sustainability of Organizations: Exploring and Spanning the Boundaries’, book launch

    Tuesday 23 March from 16:00-17:30

The University of Cumbria’s Initiative for Leadership and Sustainability (IFLAS) and the Institute of Business, Industry and Leadership (Business, industry and leadership)are delighted to announce the online launch of a new book by two of our academic staff:

Citizenship and Sustainability of Organizations: Exploring and Spanning the Boundaries’, edited by David F. Murphy and Alison Marshall published in January 2021.

This edited collection is the introductory volume of a new Routledge book series with the same name: 'Citizenship and Sustainability in Organizations’.

The Online Book Launch on 23 March will be chaired by Dr Stephen Gibbs, Principal Lecturer in Business and Leadership, and will include an interactive panel discussion with contributing authors and the editors.

"Citizenship and Sustainability of Organizations: Exploring and Spanning the Boundaries "offers an opening for debates on critical current issues, particularly those that may be too new to yet be the subject of theoretical studies.

The volume brings together chapter authors who are leading thinkers who are pushing the boundaries of conventional thinking about corporate citizenship and sustainability to advocate and generate innovative models and practices.

We plan to stimulate discussion at the online launch and you will be invited to actively contribute.

For more details click here

All participants will receive the Zoom link prior to the launch by email.

Get your own copy

Details of how to purchase the book with a 20% discount at Routledge Paperbooks Direct can be found in this PDF.

Download: citizenship-sustainability-in-organizations-book-flyer

Media Partner

This event is supported by the Association of Sustainability Practitioners (ASP).

“Connecting, supporting and challenging sustainability practitioners.”

Thursday, 18 February 2021

Peer-reviewed research in psychology on the impacts of discussing difficult futures such as societal collapse

IFLAS has released an Occasional Paper by psychologist Jasmine Kieft of the Climate Justice Union

"The Responsibility of Communicating Difficult Truths About Climate Influenced Societal Disruption and Collapse: An Introduction to Psychological Research" provides a synthesis of peer-reviewed literature within the field of psychology. It is available for free download as a pdf. 

The paper provides background information for the many scientists and scholars who are now speaking out about their varying levels of witnessing or anticipating societal disruption and collapse, as part of an international Scholars Warning. The paper is not an exhaustive review, but seeks to increase awareness of the need to learn from psychology research if making claims about the impacts of discussing difficult futures such as societal collapse. 

In the foreword, Professor Jem Bendell explains the context where many scientists have been incorrectly stating that an anticipation of societal disruption or collapse necessarily leads to psychopathologies and/or apathy. The research in this review reveals that although that perspective is being presented as  'common sense' by many climate scientists, it is theoretically and empirically weak. Instead, there is peer-reviewed research suggesting otherwise. However, given the emotional impact of this issue, both Jasmine Kieft and Jem Bendell explain there is an urgent need to know more about how to communicate responsibly about this situation. 

Prof Bendell is not a psychologist and explains the importance of prioritising of learning from this field: "Although psychological research is only one approach to considering the questions of whether, how and to whom scientists and scholars should talk about their anticipation of societal disruption and collapse, it is an important field to draw upon. Other relevant fields are sociology, anthropology, political science and spirituality. I hope this paper contributes something to a more sober and informed discussion within the climate policy arena about communicating difficult information."

If you suffer emotional distress about the topic, and do not have sufficient support for that, consider the resources linked to from here

Given the importance of this topic, if you find the paper to be of value, then sending it to the personal email of your colleagues as they consider whether and how to communicate on this matter will be welcome. 

In March 2021 both Jasmine and Jem will be presenting and discussing this research at the climate crucible event of the New Zealand Association of Psychotherapists. 


This paper presents a review of psychology research that can help people begin to assess the different ways they can responsibly support each other to talk about their thoughts and feelings on their perceptions of societal disruption and collapse, at home and abroad, due to environmental and climate change. It includes a summary of a review of published studies in psychology on matters of anticipating difficult futures, including vulnerability, disruption, disaster, suffering and mortality. The claims by both specialists and non-specialists that collapse anticipation is necessarily harmful to mental health and social engagement is shown to be theoretically and empirically weak. Instead, the research that suggests we engage each other on this upsetting topic to promote coping. It highlights the potential for that engagement to support people with processing difficult emotions and thus finding more pro-social and pro-environmental ways of responding to societal disturbances. The research is preceded by an extended foreword which locates this literature review in the context of the growing fields of Collapsology and Deep Adaptation.

The research explored the following statements, which were derived from discussions with psychologists working on climate anxiety. 

1: The psychological impact of hearing grim predictions, from apathy to motivation, depends on how we help each other to process the implications of that foresight, including attention to the intellectual, emotional and physiological aspects of ourselves. There is a skill to be learned about how to break bad news and help each other integrate that bad news. 

2: It is not predetermined how people respond to their perception of the increased vulnerability of them and their loved ones. It can lead to a range of different emotional (and neurobiological) and intellectual responses (in the immediate moment and over the longer term i.e. things change as people process emotions and discuss). Different pathways of response to increased vulnerability are influenced by context. In other words, although increasing fear often leads to support for simplistic, authoritarian and xenophobic ideas, it can lead to other responses, and depends on how we help each other process the emotions of vulnerability.

3: It is not proven that to foresee a calamity as probable or certain undermines action, with much evidence to the contrary.

4: Mental health can be supported through more honesty about our thoughts and emotions (including vulnerability about those) and more connection and dialogue with others. Conversely the avoidance of issues and the suppression of emotions about those issues is unhelpful for mental health and wellbeing. 

5: Transference of responsibilities, or deference, to perceived authorities on matters of mental health and wellbeing are unhelpful for positive mental health outcomes. Instead, commitment to collective co-responsibility is helpful for mental health and wellbeing.

6: Those people who can allow foresight of calamity into their current experience might be able to help other people later on, if they have time to process the implications for themselves now.

The literature review found complete or nuanced support for each of these statements. 

Learn more about the international scholars warning on societal disruption and collapse at 

Monday, 8 February 2021

Over 500 sign #ScholarsWarning on collapse risk

The Scholars Warning letter on the risks of societal collapse was published in The Guardian and Le Monde in December 2020. By the end of the year, it had been signed by over 500 scientists and scholars from over 30 countries, representing dozens of academic disciplines including climatology, environmental science, psychology and sociology. The full list of the signatories follows below. If you have a PhD, you can still sign the letter here. The signatories are now connecting with each other and exploring potential collaboration and future action - if you sign, you can join this initiative.  

A video of some of the signatories speaking the letter to camera was also released through Facing Future TV.

The full-length version of the letter is available.

The letter has been published also in German, Croatian, Spanish, Hungarian as well as French. A list of the translations is available.

The Scholars Warning letter was discussed in a number of articles including the LA timesFollow scholarswarning on twitter. 

Apart from the environmental campaign Extinction Rebellion, it appears from social media accounts and press releases that environmental groups in the English-speaking world entirely ignored this communication by international scholars.

Dissatisfied with this lack of alarm, many of the signatories are independently supporting the Global Scientists Rebellion, March 25th-28th. That includes Cumbria University Professor Jem Bendell, who will be fasting in solidarity with the scientists taking non-violent direct action to call for more attention to the implications of climate and environmental science.

Signatories to the warning letter will be engaged in future to promote important messages about the climate predicament. That will take the form of further joint letters, support and advice for the psychological implications and responsibilities for speaking out, and trainings for effective and ethical communications. A diversity of signatories will also be featured on Facing Future TV. Non-English language collaborations are emerging amongst groups of signatories, such as in France.  

Responsible communication of research and its implications for policy dialogue is a fundamentally important topic as people experience more disruption, confusion and a sense of vulnerability, due to the direct and indirect impacts of environmental change. Therefore, the principles with which people coordinating future activities of the international Scholars Warning will approach their work include: transdisciplinarity, diversity and rights.

  1. Transdisciplinarity: each academic discipline is one lens on what exists and is occurring in the environment, society and the individual. Therefore, each discipline has its preoccupations, limitations and oversights. In order for scholars and scholarship to be useful to decision making, at all levels, an openness and capability for triangulating insights from different disciplines is beneficial, as well as open recognition of limitations and biases. Therefore, one scientific discipline will not be privileged at the expense of insights from other fields of scholarship. 
  2. Diversity: the environmental predicament affects the whole world, but is disproportionately affecting people in the Global South, including women, the poor and marginalised minorities. Meanwhile, the mainstream communication from scholars at national and global levels is still influenced more by men, white people and the rich from the largest cities. It is also influenced by people who have sought roles as public commentators in combative media environments. For the national and global dialogue on what to do about our environmental predicament to better reflect a diversity of views in the world, substantial attention and resources must be given to this matter. 
  3. Rights: the effects of the environmental predicament on society, economics and politics is one of destabilisation, within which context, people can react either collaboratively in solidarity, or divisively in defensiveness. Claims from some scientists that they have no view on the moral implications of their findings and analysis, while at the same time influencing policy discussions, will not be tenable as we enter a more disruptive period for humanity worldwide. An aspect of responsible scholarly communication is to recognise and uphold the importance of universal human rights when considering the potential policy implications of research findings.

The aims of participants in future Scholars Warning activities are:

  1. An increase in the number of senior leaders in all walks of life, worldwide, who recognise that engaging with current societal collapse risk is credible, urgent, creative and collaborative. 
  2. An increase in the number and diversity of scientists and scholars who understand transdisciplinary approaches, uphold universal human rights and communicate persuasively. 
  3. An increase in the awareness of scientists, scholars and senior leaders of fair and appropriate policy responses to societal collapse risk - in the fields of climate mitigation, climate adaptation, and climate restoration, and related fields.

If you are scientist or scholar with a PhD you can consider signing the letter. First, read it here.

If you are a journalist seeking to interview a signatory, then please email 

For emotional support on this extremely troubling matter, use some of the links to resources from here

If you can produce an additional translation, or want to locate one, then visit this emerging list.

If you want to engage with others on what this situation means to your life and work, we recommend the Deep Adaptation Forum. If you want to stay informed of related initiatives, subscribe to this quarterly newsletter.

If you are researching collapse risk, consider using this database on collapse scholarship, or contributing to it. If you want to read more about collapse risk, we recommend the book How Everything Can Collapse 

The list of signatories, in alphabetical order

All these persons have PhDs or professional doctorates. Their institutional affiliation is shown for information only, as they all signed in a personal capacity.

Lise Abravanel, General practitioner, Universite Paris, FR

John Adams, Emeritus Professor of Organizational Systems, Saybrook University, US

Laurie Adkin, Professor, University of Alberta, CA

Ahmed Afzaal, Associate Professor, Concordia College (Moorhead, MN), US

Omar Al Hammal, Researcher, IPSA, FR

Michael Albert, Lecturer, SOAS University of London, UK

Glenn Albrecht, Retired academic and author, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia, AU

Elena Albrecht, Plant researcher, Private, FR

Zaheer Allam, Urban Strategist, Deakin University, MU

Ira Allen, Associate Professor of Rhetoric, Northern Arizona University, US

Adrian Almazan, Profesor Ayudante Doctor, Universidad de Deusto, ES

Pietro Altermatt, Principal Scientist, Trinasolar, DE

Joern Altmann, Professor, Seoul National University, DE

Rae Andre, Professor Emeritus, Leadership and Sustainability, Northeastern University, US

Kelly Anthony, Teaching Professor in Public Health, University of Waterloo, CA

Alexandra-Ellen Appel, Personal capacity, Greenpeace, US

Gerardo Aquino, Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK

Jolene Armstrong, Associate Professor, Athabasca University, CA

Grete Arro, Researcher, Tallinn University, EE

Michael Arts, Professor, Ryerson University, CA

Benoit Assemat, Docteur Veterinaire, Federation des Syndicats Veterinaires de France, FR

Karen Atkinson, Research Associate, University of Liverpool, UK

Marie Christine Aubin, Retired, APRIL, PT

David Aubin, Professor in the History of Science, Sorbonne Universite, Paris FR, FR

Adele Aubrey, Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute, University of Manchester, uk

Genevieve Azam, Economist, Jean Jaures University, Toulouse, France, FR

Susan Bailey, Senior Lecturer, Edith Cowan University, AU

Carolyn Baker, Author, Carolyn Baker Education Services, US

Bobby Banerjee, Professor, City University of London, UK

Charly Bank, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, DE

Giuseppe Barbiero, Assistant Professor in Ecology, Laboratory of Affective Ecology, University of Valle d'Aosta, IT

Ugo Bardi, Professor, University of Florence, IT

Phoebe Barnard, Affiliate Professor, University of Washington, US

Aurelien Barrau, Professor of Astrophysics, Universite Grenoble-Alpes, FR

Emeline Baudet, Postdoc researcher, Georgetown University, FR

Franz Baumann, Visiting Research Professor, New York University, US

Christoph Becker, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, CA

Benjamin Belfort, Assistant professor, Strasbourg University, FR

Jem Bendell, Professor, University of Cumbria, UK

Martine Benoit, Professor, Universite de Lille, FR

Domi Bernard, Physicist, Rennes- France ( Maitre de Conferences - retraite), FR

Geoff Berry, Ecophilosopher, International Ecopsychology Society, AU

Numa Bertola, Postdoctoral researcher, Epfl, CH

Adrien Biassin, Chercheur en systeme economique alternatif soutenable, LUMIA, FR

Nikola Biliskov, Senior research associate, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia, HR

Francoise Billebaud, Researcher, Bordeaux University, FR

Andreas Birgegard, Associate professor, Karolinska institutet, IE

Jennifer Bissonnette, Interim Director, Nature Lab, Rhode Island School of Design, US

Rob Blakemore, Soil Ecologist, VermEcology, JP

Sebastien Bohler, Editor in chief, Pour la Science, FR

Tsilla Boisselet, Researcher, SCImPULSE Foundation, NO

Blaise Boles, Professor, Kirkwood College, US

Betsy Bolton, Professor, English Literature and Environmental Studies, Swarthmore College, US

Alberte Bondeau, Senior Scientist, CNRS, FR

Dr. Gerd Bongs, Food chemist, Dr. Gerd Bongs scientific consulting, DE

German Bonilla, Postdoc, UNIL, CH

Frederic Boone, Researcher Astrophysics, Institut de recherche en astrophysique et planetologie (IRAP), FR

Charles-Andre Bost, Director of Research-Senior Scientist in environmental sciences, CNRS, FR

Dominique Bourg, Honorary Professor, University of Lausanne, CH

Ghislaine Bouvier, Assistant Professor, Bordeaux University, FR

Dalila Bovet, Ethologist, Universite Paris Nanterre, FR

Martin Bowen, Physics Research Director, CNRS, FR

Julie Boyer Dumont, Maitre de conferences en sciences de gestion, Universite jean Monnet Saint-Etienne, FR

Elizabeth Bragg, Ecopsychologist, Sustainable Futures Australia, AU

Miguel Brandao, Associate professor in industrial ecology and life cycle assessment, KTH Royal institute of technology, PT

Clara Breteau, Post-doctoral researcher in geography and environmental aesthetics, Universite de Caen, FR

Lajos Brons, Adjunct Professor of Philosophy, Lakeland University Japan, JP

Jason Brownlee, Professor of Government, University of Texas at Austin, US

Valerie Brunel, Praticienne du changement social et chercheuse independante en SHS, KAIROS, FR

Hedy Bryant, Facilitator and educator for living systems informed practice., HARK Facilitation Services, AU

Daniel Buckles, Adjunct Research Professor, Carleton University, CA

Jillian Buriak, Professor of Chemistry, Canada Research Chair, University of Alberta, CA

Ingela Bursjoeoe, PhD, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, SE

Colin Butler, Honorary Professor, Australian National University, AU

Shelagh Campbell, Professor Emerita, University of Alberta, CA

Joana Campos, Biologist (researcher), CIIMAR, PT

Alice Canabate, Sociologue, Uni Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne, Vice-Presidente de la Fondation de l'Ecologie politique, FR

Leandro Caniglia, President, Fundacion Argentina de Smalltalk, AR

Pierre-Emmanuel Caprace, Professor, UCLouvain, IE

Valentina Carbone, Professor, ESCP, FR

Juan-Camilo Cardenas, Professor, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia, US

Julian Carrey, Professor in Physics, INSA Toulouse, FR

William Carroll, Professor of Sociology, University of Victoria, CA

Joy Carter, Vice  Chancellor, Winchester University, UK

Alexis Catanzaro, Professor in Management and Entrepreneurship, University Jean Monnet, FR

Tobit Caudwell, Teacher, Universite de Bourgogne, FR

Eric Cavalcanti, Associate Professor, Griffith University, AU

Jeremie Cave, Professor in urban Ecology, Sciences Po Toulouse, FR

Arnaud Chalin, Immunologist, Private corporation, FR

Kai Chan, Lead author IPBES, UBC, CA

Gauthier Chapelle, Researcher, GIRAF, BE

Ian Chapman, Senior Lecturer in Business and Sustainability, University of Cumbria, UK

Mark Charlesworth, Programme Leader - Geography, Bishop Grosseteste University, UK

Mark Chater, Independent writer and researcher on education, None, UK

Mariana Chilton, Professor & Director, Center for Hunger-Free Communities, Drexel University, US

Peter Choate, Professor Social Work, Mount Royal University, CA

Francis Chopin, Lecturer in Structural Geology and Igneous Petrology, University of Strasbourg, FR

Humphrey Chris, Senior Scientist, ETH Zurich Center for Development and Cooperation, CH

Floriane Clement, Research Fellow, INRAE, FR

Cyrille Cleran, Philosophe, Universite buissonniere de Haute-Bretagne (France), FR

Katy Coates, Consultant Clinical Psychologist, NHS, UK

Yves Cochet, Former Minister of the Environment, France, Institut Momentum, FR

Olivier Coen, Post-doctoral researcher, INRAE, FR

Karen Cohen, retired Public Health Physician, New Mexico Departmentof Health, US

Professor Beau Coleman, Associate Professor, University of Alberta, CA

Claire Collot, Neurobiologiste, Industrie pharmaceutique, FR

Bruno Corbara, Maitre de Conferences Ecologie/Ethologie, Universite Clermont Auvergne, FR

Gregor Corbin, Teacher / Researcher, TU Kaiserslautern DE, DE

Mickael Coriat, Astrophysicist, IRAP - University Toulouse 3, FR

Franck Corset, Assistant Professor, Universite Grenoble Alpes, FRANCE, FR

Nick Cowern, Emeritus professor, Newcastle University, UK

Travis Cox, Chair, Masters in Ecopsychology, Naropa University, US

Robin Cox, Director, Professor, ResilienceByDesign Lab, Royal Roads University, CA

Wolfgang Cramer, Professor of Global Ecology, Directeur de Recherche, CNRS, FR

Stef Craps, Professor of English Literature, Ghent University, BE

Elspeth Crawford, retired lecturer, University of Edinburgh, UK

Francois Criscuolo, Permanent researcher in evolutionary biology (DR2), CNRS, FR

David Crookall, Professor, UCA, France, FR

Michel Cucchi, Assistant Director, University Hospital of Lille, FR

Christian Culioi, Medical, Medecins sans frontieres, FR

Hamish Cunningham, Professor, University of Sheffield, UK

Ika Darnhofer, Assoc.Prof., University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, AT

Gabriel Davies, Research Associate, Durham University, NI

Mervyn de Borniol, Project manager, None, FR

Carlos de Castro, Professor, University of Valladolid. Applied Physics departament., ES

Erica de Greef, CoFounder, African Fashion Research Institute, ZA

Olivier De Schutter, Professor, UCLouvain, IE

Lucie Debeffe, Researcher, INRAE-CEFS, FR

Marc Deconchat, Senior scientist, INRAE, FR

Peggy Delaney, Professor emerita, UC Santa Cruz, US

Laurence Delattre, Assistant professor, University of Lille, FR

Veronique Delvaux, Professor, FNRS Research Associate, University of Mons, BE

Nicolas Dendoncker, Professor of geography, University of Namur, BE

Gregory Derville, Maitre de conference, Science politique, Universite de Lille, FR

Thomas Desaunay, Entrepreneur, Low-tech Yonne, FR

Miriam Diamond, Professor, University of Toronto, CA

Michel Dobrijevic, Astrophysicist, Universite de Bordeaux, FR

Richard Donovan, Lead, Sustainable Manufacturing (S.M.A.R.T.), UC Irvine, US

Stephane Douady, Director of Research, CNRS, FR

Jeffrey Douglass, Personal, personal, UK

Elizabeth Downing, Climate educator, Awakening Wisdom Yoga and Meditation, US

Fae Dremock, Assistant Professor, Environmental Studies, Ithaca College, US

Marc Dufumier, Emeritus Professor, AgroParisTech, FR

Hannah Dugdale, Professor of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Groningen, NL

Denis Dupre, Professor of ethics and finance, Grenoble Alpes University, FR

Jean-Baptiste Durand, Assistant professor, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, France, FR

Laurent Duret, Directeur de recherche, CNRS, FR

Sophie Eberhardt, Researcher, Lepac, FR

Edina Eberhardt-Toth, Enseignante-chercheure en finance et gouvernance socialement responsables, ICN Business School, NL

Natalia Eernstman, Senior lecturer, Plymouth College of Art, UK

Markus Egermann, Head of Research Area "Sustainability Transformations in Cities and Regions", Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regiional Development, DE

Hans Eickhoff, Investigator, Degrowth Network Portugal, PT

Jane Elliott, Professor of Sociology, University of Exeter, UK

Scott Elrod, Associate Director of Licensing, Stanford University, US

Susan Empson, Professor, University of Missouri, US

James Engell, Professor, Harvard University Center for the Environment, US

Elina Eriksson, Associate Professor, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SE

Carr Everbach, Chair of Environmental Studies; Engineering Professor, Swarthmore College, US

Jara Falkenburg, Clinical Psychologist, National Health Service, UK

Sherry Falsetti, Clinical Psychologist, Enlighten Mind Body Wellness LLC, US

Louise Farquharson, Assistant Research Professor, University of Alaska Fairbanks, US

Stephane Faure, Post-doc, CNRS - LPCNO, FR

Eleonore Faure, Researcher, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, SE

Blair Feltmate, Head, Intact Centre on Climate Adaptation, University of Waterloo, CA

Serge Fenet, Maitre de conferences, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, FR

Isabelle Ferreras, Professor, University of Louvain, AT

Tina Fields, Professor of Ecopsychology, Naropa University, US

Gwen Fischer, Volunteer, Deep Adaptation Forum, US

Marla Fisher, Teacher US

Juliane Floury, Associate Professor, L'institut Agro / Agrocampus Ouest, FR

John Foran, Professor of Sociology and Environmental Studies, UCSB, US

John Fousek, Professor, New York University, US

Katy Fox, Ecosocial Designer, Mycelium Design, BE

Anne Fox, physicist, Axis Communications AB, SE

frank frantisak, toronto, retired, CA

Michael Friedrich, Senior Scientist in Dendrochronology, University of Hohenheim, Germany, DE

Tomasz Ganicz, Assistant Prof, Technical Univeristy of Lodz, PL

Tim Garrett, Professor, University of Utah, US

Cyprien Gay, Physicist, CNRS, FR

Bruno Gayral, Researcher, CEA-Grenoble, FR

Veronique Germain, assistant professor, University of Bordeaux, FR

Marie Gevers, researcher, Universite de Namur, BE

Richard Gill, Emeritus professor of mathematical statistics, Mathematical Institute, Leiden University, NL

Barry Gills, Scientist, University of Helsinki, UK

Stephane Gipouloux, Ingenieur Eaux et Forêts, DDTM 64, FR

Gael Giraud, Professor, Georgetown university, FR

Alain Girault, researcher, INRIA, FR

Andrew Glikson, Earth and climate scientist, ANU, AU

Alix Goguey, Associate Professor, Grenoble Alpes University, FR

Josh Goldstein, Los Angeles, University of Southern California, US

Alexandre Gondran, Assistant professor, Ecole nationale de l'aviation civile (ENAC), FR

Anthony Goodchild, Veterinary Epidemiologist (retired), Animal & Plant Health Agency, UK

Pierre-Henri Gouyon, Full Professor, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, FR

Elena Granda, Researcher, University of Alcala, ES

Nicolas Gratiot, senior scientist, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, France, FR

Joyce Green, Professor, University of Regina, CA

Daniel Gregorio, HDR, UPHF-ISH (France), FR

Gianluca Grimalda, Senior researcher, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, DE

Laurie Guimond, Geography Professor, Universite du Quebec Montreal, CA

Caspar Hallmann, Research, Radboud University, NL

Pierre-Jacques Hamard, Senior Research Scientist, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, US

Trevor Hancock, Professor Emeritus, School of Public Health and Social Policy, University of Victotia, BC CANADA, CA

Yves Handrich, Researcher in conservation biology, Centre National de La Recherche Scientifique (France), FR

Juan Jesus Haro Mora, Review Analyst in Genetics, None, US

Hiroshi Hasegawa, Researcher, The Research Institute for Saving Mother Earth, JP

Anders Hayden, Associate Professor, Dalhousie University, CA

Stephen Healy, Honorary Senior Lecturer, UNSW, AU

Stephanie Heil, PhD, Research Engineer, Linkoeping University, Sweden, SE

Ruben Heleno, Professor, University of Coimbra, Portugal, PT

Bertrand Hespel, Professor, University of Namur, BE

Jorg Heukelbach, Professor of Epidemiology, One Health Institute Heukelbach, DE

Tim Hewlett, Astrophysics postdoctoral researcher, Scientist Rebellion, UK

John Hiemstra, Professor of Political Science, The King's University, CA

Stuart Hill, Personal, Western Sydney University, AU

Krista Hiser, Professor, University of Hawaii System, US

Mark Hixon, Hsiao Endowed Professor of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, US

Andrew Hoaen, Lecturer, University of Worcester, UK

Wendy Hollway, Emeritus Professor of Psychology, Open University, UK

Lummina Horlings, Professor Socio-Spatial Planning, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, NL

Nick Hostettler, Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London, UK

Laurent Houssiau, Professor in physics, University of Namur, BE

Jean-Michel Huctin, Associate professor of anthropology, Unversity of Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, FR

Mario Huettenhofer, Chemist, University of Konstanz, Germany, DE

Mark Alan Hughes, Professor and Center Director, University of Pennsylvania, US

Jean-Michel Hupe, Researcher in political ecology, CNRS, IT

Justine A Huxley, London, St Ethelburga's Centre for Reconciliation and Peace, UK

Gwenael Imfeld, Citizen and researcher in biogeochemistry, research director at CNRS, CNRS, FR

Ruth Irwin, Professor of Education, RMIT University, AU

Dr Richard Jabot, Postdoctoral Researcher, Audencia FR, FR

Wes Jackson, President Emeritus, The Land Institute, US

DACHARY Jacques, retired, NEGAWATT, PT

John James, Adjunct Professor, University of New South Wales, AU

Andrew Jameton, Professor Emeritus, University of Nebraska Medical Center, US

Robert R. Janes, Independent archaeologist, Coaltiion of Museums for Climate Justice, CA

Angela Jansen, Independent scholar, Research Collective for Decolonizing Fashion, BE

Francois Jarrige, Historian, Universite de Bourgogne, FR

Sophie Javerzat, Professor of Genetics, University of Bordeaux, FR

Jamilia Jeenbaeva, Founder, senior expert, Dialecticon Climate, ELEK Dilgir (Ecological Lectoria), KG

Nico Jenkins, Asst Professor of Philosophy and Critical theory, Maine College of Art, US

Robert Jensen, Emeritus Professor, University of Texas at Austin, USA, US

Jeremy Jimenez, Assistant Professor of Education (Foundations and Social Advocacy), SUNY Cortland, US

Clara Jodry, associate professor, UNISTRA, AZ

Dr Rebecca Johnson, Consultant Clinical Psychologist, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, UK

Isabelle Joing, researcher, Universite de Lille, FR

Aled Jones, Professor, Anglia Ruskin University, UK

Venance Journe, researcher, CNRS, FR

Etienne-Pascal Journet, Researcher in Agronomy, CNRS, FR

Mike Joy, Senior researcher/ecologist, Victoria University, HK

Darlene Juschka, Associate Professor, University of Regina, CA

Peter Kabachnik, Professor of Geography, College of Staten Island, The City University of New York (CUNY), US

Dr. Sonja Kaiser, Researcher, TUBAF Germany, DE

Peter  Kalmus, Climate Scientist US

David Karowe, Professor, Western Michigan University, US

Laura Kehoe, Postdoctoral researcher, University of Oxford, IE

Heiko Keller, LCA expert, senior project manager, ifeu - Institute for Energy and Environmental Research Heidelberg, DE

Tom Kelly, Executive Director, UNH Sustainability Institute, US

Sean Kelly, Professor and author, California Institute of Integral Studies, US

Chrislain Eric Kenfack, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Alberta, CA

Christian Kessler, Senior clinical scientist, Charite Medical University Berlin, DE

Julia Kim-Cohen, Senior Lecturer, University of Illinois at Chicago, US

Peter Kindfield, Founder and Lead Teacher, Hilltop Education Connections, US

Florian Kletty, Researcher, CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), FR

Carola Kloeck, assistant professor, Sciences Po Paris, DE

Wolfgang Knorr, Research Scientist in Climate Change, Lund University, GR

Richard Koch, Professor of English Emeritus, Adrian College, US

Marc Lachieze-rey, research director (retired), CNRS, FR

Daniel Lacour, Physicist, CNRS, FR

Pascal Lambert, Project Manager, Engineering and R&D services, FR

Auriane Lamine, Associate Professor of Labour Law, Universite catholique de Louvain, AT

Eva Lantsoght, Professor, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, NL

Sophie Larivet, Animator, La Fresque du Climat, FR

Julie Lavie, Researcher in Genetics, University of Bordeaux, FR

Charles Le Feuvre, Deputy Executive Director, Psychology for a Safe Climate, Melbourne, Australia, AU

Jorge Leandro Rosa, Researcher and writer, Institute of Philosophy, University of Porto, PT

karine leblanc, Researcher in Oceanography, CNRS, FR

Cathy Lemer, Coach et Chef d'entreprise,, Elevatio, FR

Nolwenn Lesparre, Researcher, CNRS, FR

Joel Levey, Founder, Wisdom at Work, US

Jonathan Lilly, Research Scientist, Theiss Research, US

Christina Lindkvist, Associate Professor, Malmoe University, SE

Evelin Lindner, Founding President, Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies, NO

Vicki Little, Scholar, educator, Monash University Malaysia, MY

Alessia Lo Porto - Lefebure, Dean for Academic Affairs, EHESP -French School of Public Health, FR

Sabahat Lodhi, Teacher, Head of Science, BBIS, DE

Jonathan Logan, Climate Strategist, Futurist, Attorney, National Mobilizer, Extinction Rebellion America (USA), US

Derk Loorbach, Prof.dr., Erasmus University, DRIFT, NL

Pascal Lorance, Scientist, Ifremer, FR

Thomas Love, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Linfield University, US

Natalie Loveless, Associate Professor, Contemporary Art and Theory, University of Alberta, CA

Christopher Lyon, Research Fellow, University of Leeds, UK

Christian Mahieu, researcher, ANIS-Catalyst, FR

Loys Maingon, Research Director, Strathcona Wilderness Institute, CA

Jean Pierre Malrieu, University teacher, Avignon Universite, FR

Irene Malvestio, postdoc, Universitat de Barcelona, IT

Stefano Mammola, Researcher, Finnish Museum of Natural History, FI

Mathieu Mangeot, Associate Professor, INRIA, STEEP team, FR

Lara Mani, Research Associate, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, University of Cambridge, FR

Samuel Mann, Professor, Otago Polytechnic, NZ

Judith Mann, Clinical Psychologist, NHS, UK

Panos Mantziaras, Director, Fondation Braillard Architectes, Geneve, FR

Dr. Andrea Marais-Potgieter, Cape Town, Nature Nexus Academy, ZA

Trommenschlager Marion, Chercheure, University Rennes, FR

David Mark Welch, Senior Scientist, Marine Biological Laboratory, US

Thomas Marois, Senior Lecturer, SOAS University of London, FR

Valentin Maron, Teacher Researcher in Physics Education Research, Universite Toulouse Jean Jaures, FR

Clemence Marque, Pharmacist (PharmD), Adrastia, FR

Philippe Marquet, associate professor, univ. Lille, FR

Elise Marquis, Marine Environmental Consultant, Freelance, FR

Laurie Marrauld, Professor Assistant in digital and resilient health management, EHESP, FR

Stephen Martin, Visiting Professor in Learning for Sustainability, University of the West of England Bristol, UK

Dr Rebecca Martin, Environment and Sustainability Manager, District Council, NZ

Fran Martin, Honorary Research Fellow, University of Exeter, UK

Miguel Martinez Ramos, TEU, Universitat Jaume I, ES

Pauline Marty, Associate Professor, Universite de Technologie de Troyes, FR

Thierry Masson, Researcher (Mathematical Physics), CNRS, FR

Andrew Mathewson, Biologist, University of Washington, US

Emilie Mathieu, Postdoctoral researcher, CNRS, FR

Christof Mauch, Professor, Director, Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, DE

Pascal Maugis, Researcher, LSCE, FR

Aimee Maxwell, Psychologist, Deep Adaptation, AU

Stella Nyambura Mbau, climate resilience consultant, LOABOWA, KE

Ben McCall, Professor of Sustainability, University of Dayton, US

Josie McLean, Principal and Founder, The Partnership Pty Ltd, AU

Hope McManus, Language and Linguistics Researcher, Independent, AU

Barry McMullin, Professor, Dublin City University, IE

Dominique Meda, Full professor, University Paris Dauphine-PSL, FR

marie-antoinette melieres, enseignante-chercheuse en paleoclimatologie, Universite Grenoble-Alpes, FR

Michelle Merrill, founder and community organizer, Novasutras, US

Deena Metzger, Teacher /Writer, Dare, US

Byron Miller, Professor of Geography, University of Calgary, Canada, CA

Michael Mills, Associate Professor of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, US

Marceau Minot, PhD, University of Rouen Normandy, FR

Lauren Mohn, Visiting Assistant Professor, Swarthmore College, US

Alison Mohr, Associate Professor, University of Nottingham, UK

Federico Monaco, Research Fellow, University of Parma, FI

Silvia Mongili, Teacher, University of Cagliari, IT

Frederic Monier, Professeur en histoire contemporaine, Avignon university, FR

Claude Monteil, teacher-researcher, University of Tououse, France, FR

Richard Moodey, Professor of Sociology, Gannon University, Erie, PA, US

Bronwen Morgan, Professor of Law, UNSW Sydney, AU

Paul Morgan, Professor, West Chester University of Pennsylvania, US

Patricia Morgan, Research Associate, UNSW, AU

Andy Morse, Professor of Climate Impacts, University of Liverpool, UK

Daniel Morse, Research Associate, University of Bristol, UK

Susanne Moser, Ph.D., Director, Susanne Moser Research & Consulting, US

Tadzio Mueller, Climate Justice Analyst, Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung, DE

Anne Munro-Kua, Cheras,, MY

David F Murphy, Academic Lead, Initiative for Leadership & Sustainability (IFLAS), University of Cumbria, UK

Chris Murray, Emeritus Staff Scientist, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA, US

Lisa Nathan, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia, CA

Constance L. Neely, Systems Catalyst, Facilitation for Sustainable Development, US

Zohannes Negesse, Abymes, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Guadeloupe, GP

Marie Wilson Nelson, Professor Emerita, Integrated Studies, National Louis University, US

Kris Nelson, Academic Advisor, University of Massachusetts Amherst, US

Vinh-Kim Nguyen, Professor, Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies Geneva, CH

Timothee Nicolas, Researcher, CNRS, FR

Sandra Niessen, founding member, Research Collective for Decolonizing Fashion, NL

Wolfgang Nitschke, Senior Scientist, CNRS, FR

Henrik Nordborg, Rapperswil, OST Ostschweizer Fachhochschule, CH

Juliet Norton, Agricultural Technology Researcher, Purdue University, US

Andrew Norton, retired, Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, AU

Anne-Sophie Novel, Journalist, De Moins en Mieux, FR

Paulo Nussenzveig, Professor, Physics Institute, University of Sao Paulo, BR

Tomas J Oberding PhD, Teaching Faculty, University of Phoenix, US

Elisabeth Oelmann, Consultant for Internal Medicine, Pharmaindustry, UK

Leif Ohlsson, Peace & Development Researcher (ret.), Peace & Development Research Institute, Uni of Gothenburg, SE

Magali Ollagnier-Beldame, Researcher, CNRS, FR

Sarah Ollier, derby, Loughborough university, UK

Adi Ophir, Professor Emeritus, Tel Aviv University, Visiting Professor of the Humanities, Brown University, US

David Orr, personal, Oberlin college, US

Michael Ortega, Research Engineer, CNRS, FR

Peter Paeppinghaus, retired, retired, DE

Miguel Pajares, Social anthropologist, University of Barcelona, ES

Geremy Panthou, Climatology Lecturer, Universite Grenoble Alpes, FR

Lilli Papaloizos, Lecturer, University of Basel Switzerland, FR

Yin Paradies, Professor of Race Relations, Deakin University, AU

Richard Parncutt, personal, University of Graz, Austria, AT

Sebastien Payan, Professor, Sorbonne University, FR

Sylvain Payraudeau, Professor, ENGEES, Strasbourg, France, FR

Christopher Peet, Professor of Psychology, The King's University, Edmonton, AB, Canada, CA

Birgit Penzenstadler, Assistant Professor, Chalmers University of Technology, SE

Celine Perea, University lecturer, Universite Grenoble Alpes, FR

Claudio Pereira, Dirwctor, Koru transformacion Instituto de Ecopsicologia, CO

Tony Pereira, Professor, President, CEO, Institute for Eco-Sustainable Engineering, US

Dr. Patricia E. Perkins, Professor, York University, Toronto, CA

Jerome Noel Petit, Docteur en sciences de la vie, Pew, FR

Claire Petitmengin, Professor, Mines Telecom Institute, Paris, FR

John Phelps, Educator, Burke Indivisible, UK

Morgan Phillips, Director, The Glacier Trust, UK

Benoit Pichon, Professor, Universite de Strasbourg, FR

Clifford Pickett, Jr., Molecular Biologist, Swarthmore, US

Marie-Claire Pierret, researcher in geosciences, University of Strasbourg, FR

Stefania Pinna, Marine ecology, Sea project ASD, IT

Max Pinsard, Manager, Low-tech Lab Montreal, CA

Igor Polskiy, board member, GEN-Russia, RU

Elodie Portanier, Post-doctorate, IFREMER, FR

Emmanuel Prados, Head of the INRIA research team STEEP, INRIA, FR

Sally Prebble, Clinical Psychologist, University of Auckland, NZ

Marion Princaud, Founder of Waste Hunter, Waste Hunter, FR

Francis Putz, researcher/teacher, University of Florida, US

Volker Quaschning, Professor, Berlin University of Applied Sciences HTW Berlin, DE

Jean-Jacques Quisquater, professor emeritus, UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BElgium, BE

Terry Rankin, Activist, Retired, US

Michael Rao, Computer Scientist, ENS de Lyon, FR

John Rapko, Writer/Lecturer, College of Marin, US

Kalina Raskin, Biomimicry Expert at Ceebios, Ceebios, FR, FR

William Rees, Professor Emeritus Ecological Economics, University of British Columbia, CA

Sandra Rein, Associate Professor, University of Alberta, CA

Cecile Renouard, Presidente, Campus de la Transition, FR

Eloy Revilla Sanchez, Director, Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, ES

Xavier Ricard Lanata, Senior Advisor, Directorate of Treasury, Ministry of Economy and Finance, France, FR

Philippe Ricordeau, public health doctor, retired, FR

Bernardino Roca, Infectious Disease Physician, Hospital General Universitario of Castellon, Spain, ES

Philippe-e Roche, Researcher, CNRS, FR

Estienne Rodary, Directeur de recherche, Institut de recherche pour le developpement (IRD), FR

Jane Rogers, Professor Emerita, XR Activist, Sheffield Hallam University, UK

Wendy Rogers, Professor of Clinical Ethics, Macquarie University, Sydney AU, AU

Josyane Ronchail, Researcher, Laboratory LOCEAN, FR

Laura Roop, Assistant Professor of Practice, Education, University of Pittsburgh, US

Peter Roopnarine, Curator, California Academy of Sciences, US

Shawn Rosenheim, Professor of English, Williams College, US

Gillian Ross, Author and meditation teacher AU

Benoit Rossignol, Maitre de conferences en histoire, Universite Paris, FR

Gordon Rowland, Director, Center for Faculty Excellence, Ithaca College, US

Daniel Ruiz, Affiliate Researcher, SSSUP, IT

Pauline Rummel, Postdoc, scientific employee, Georg-August-Universitat Goettingen, DE

Tina Sabel-Grau, Postdoc, TU Berlin, DE

Victoria Sachse, Resercher, Universite de Strasbourg, FR

Peter Sainsbury, Professor, University of Notre Dame Australia, AU

Noel B. Salazar, Professor in Social and Cultural Anthropology, KU Leuven, BE

Steven Salmony, Pittsboro, AWAREness Campaign on The Human Population, est. 2001, US

Joyce Salvage, Signatory, National-Louis University (retired), US

Geoffrey Samuel, Emeritus Professor, Cardiff University, AU

Thibault Sana, Researcher, INRAE, FR

JP Sapinski, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, Universite de Moncton, CA

Saskia Sassen, Professor, Columbia University, US

Johannes Scheppach, Doctor, Charite University Medicine Berlin, DE

Martin Scheringer, Professor of Environmental Chemistry, Masaryk University Brno, CH

Lisa Schipper, Research Fellow, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, UK

Benoit Schmaltz, Junior professor of law, Universite Jean monnet, FR

Staffan Schmidt, Senior lecturer, Malmoe University, SE

Pierre Yves Schobbens, Professor, University of Namur, BE

Franck Schoefs, Head of Sea and Littoral Research Institute, Universite de Nantes, FR

Rebecca Schreiber, Research Consultant, University of Munster, Germany, DE

Isabelle Schuerch, Postdoctoral Researcher (Social History), University of Bern, CH

Christian Schulz, Consultant of Anesthesiology, Technical University Munich, DE

Sarah Schwoebel, Researcher, TU Dresden, DE

Christophe Sempels, Head of Research, Lumia, FR

Pablo Servigne, Author and speaker, Independent, FR

David Sheeren, Associate Professor, Toulouse INP-ENSAT, FR

Haris Shekeris, Researcher, SUCH (Sustainable Change Research Network), CY

Orrin Shindell, Professor, Trinity University, US

Candida Shinn, Ecotoxicologist, Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (Portugal), PT

Kirsten Shukla, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Oxford Health NHS Trust, UK

Lynette Shultz, Professor, University of Alberta, CA

Amanda Shuman, Researcher and lecturer, University of Freiburg, DE

Martin Siefkes, Research Associate, University of Technology Chemnitz, DE

George Simpson, Author, Post organisational contributor, UK

Pritam Singh, Professor Emeritus, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK, UK

Clelia Sirami, Researcher in ecology, INRAE, FR

Richard Smart, Geotechnical Engineer, N/A, AU

Michael Smith, Professor of History and Environmental Humanities, Ithaca College, US

Terry Smith, Professor of Political Science, Columbia College (MO), US

Isabelle Soraru, Docteur en Litterature Comparee, Universite de Strasbourg, FR

Ashley South, author, researcher and consultant., Chiang Mai University, TH

Alfred Spira, Member of the French National Academy of  Medicine, Paris Saclay University, FR

Milena Stefanovic, Programme Manager, European Fund for the Balkans, RS

Will Steffen, Earth System scientist, Australian National University (Emeritus Professor), AU

Stephen Sterling, Emeritus Professor of Sustainability Education, University of Plymouth, UK

Melissa Sterry, Design Scientist, Complex Systems Theorist, Futurologist, Bioratorium, FR

Victoria Stevens, Retired protected areas ecologist, BC Parks, CA

Iain Stewart, Director, Sustainable Earth Institute, University of Plymouth, UK

Jim R Stewart, Researcher, OceanForesters, US

Makere Stewart-Harawira, Professor, Professor, Indigenous, Environmental and Global Studies,, University of Alberta, CA

Donald Strauss, Founding Chair, Urban Sustainability Department, Antioch University Los Angeles, US

Giovanni Strona, Associate Professor in Ecological Data Science, University of Helsinki, FI

Peter Sturm, Senior Researcher, Inria, France, FR

Ian Sturrock, Senior Lecturer, Teesside University, UK

Emily Stutzman, sustainability educator, Planet Earth, US

Cedric Sueur, Professir, Universite de Strasbourg, FR

Heather Sullivan-Catlin, Professor of Sociology, State University of New York - Potsdam, US

Frederic Sultana, Research for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Retirement, FR

Maristella Svampa, Senior Reserchear, CONICET, Argentina, AR

Kate Swindells, Community Activist, HEART Community Group, UK

Mathilde Szuba, Maitre de conferences en science politique, Sciences Po Lille, FR

Ye Tao, Lecturer, Rowland Institute at Harvard, US

Roy Tasker, Adjunct Professor of Chemistry, Western Sydney University, AU

Laure Teulieres, lecturer in history, Toulouse Jean Jaures University (France), FR

Raj Thamotheram, Founder and Senior Adviser, Preventable Surprises, UK

Wanchat Theeranaew, Researcher in Medical Signal Processing, Case Western Reserve University, US

Anthony Thomas, Assitant Professor, University of Poitiers, FR

Amber Tomas, Statistical consultant, Amber Tomas Statistical Consultancy, AU

Bill Tomlinson, Professor of Informatics, University of California, Irvine, US

Balint Toth, researcher in environmental archaeology, Paris-Sorbonne University, SE

Bernard Tourancheau, Professor, University Grenoble Alps, FR

Renaud Toussaint, Researcher in Geophysics, CNRS, FR

Mohamed Ali Touzi, PhD in political science, None, TN

Lars Tranvik, Professor, Uppsala University, SE

Robert Turner, Teaching Professor, University of Washington Bothell, US

Maggie Turp, Psychologist, Climate Psychology Alliance, UK

Marshall Tuttle, Lecturer in Music, Retired, Langston University, US

Benjamin Tyl, Research engineer, APESA, FR

Jose-Anastasio Urra-Urbieta, Associate Professor, Universitat de Valencia (Spain), ES

Jean Valayer, Consultant, PJV Energy, FR

Elia Valentini, Senior Lecturer, University of Essex, UK

Jan van Boeckel, Professor art & sustainability, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, NE

Lenny Van Bussel, Assistant Professor, Wageningen University, AT

Roel van Klink, postdoctoral fellow, German Institute for Integrative Biodiversity Research, DE

Marieke Van Lichtervelde, Research fellow, University of Toulouse, FR

Els van Ooijen, Psychotherapist, Nepenthe Consulting, UK

Saskia van Oosterhout, Research Scientist, Global Campfire South Africa, ZA

Arnold van Vliet, Biologist, Wageningen University, NL

Elizabeth Vander Meer, Climate and Biodiversity Research Manager, University of Edinburgh, UK

Charles Vanwynsberghe, Associate Professor, ISEN Yncrea Ouest, FR

Madis Vasser, Advocacy expert, Estonian Green Movement, EE

susana velasco, Architect, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, FR

Petra Verdonk, Associate professor, Amsterdam UMC-VU University, IE

Nicolas Vereecken, Associate Professor, Chair of Agroecology, Universite libre de Bruxelles (ULB, Belgium), BE

Caroline Verzat, professor, ESCP, FR

Jean-Philippe Vidal, Hydroclimatologist, INRAE, FR

Florence Vieban, Organization of a territorial food resilience, La Ceinture Verte (Green Belt), FR

Bruno Villalba, professeur science politique, AgroParisTech, FR

Joe Vipond, Physicist, University of Calgary, CA

Malika Virah-Sawmy, Researcher, Humboldt universidad zu Berlin, DE

Theo Vischel, Researcher, University of Grenoble Alpes, FR

Bela Viskolcz, professor, University of Miskolc, HU

Marjolein Visser, Professor, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, BE

Fleur Visser, Senior Lecturer Physical Geography, University of Worcester, UK, UK

Linda Vogelsong, Founder, WovenStory Productions, US

John Vokey, Professor, University of Lethbridge, CA

Francesca Volpe, Cultore della materia, University of Siena, Italy, IT

Charlotte von Bülow, Senior Lecturer in Leadership, University of the West of England, DK

Stephane Vuilleumier, Professor of Environmental Biology and Microbiology, Universite de Strasbourg, FR

Yoshihiko Wada, Professor, Doshisha University, JP

Mark Wallace, Professor of Religion and Environmental Studies, Swarthmore College, US

Gregoire Wallenborn, Professor, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, BE

Nathanael Wallenhorst, Maitre de conferences HDR, UCO, FR

Frances Ward, Anglican Priest in Workington, Church of England, UK

Arthur Weaver, independent scientist, no affiliation, US

Sylvain Weill, Assistant professor, ENGEES, Strasbourg, France, FR

Martin Weinel, Research Associate, Cardiff University, UK

Dietmar Weinmann, Physicist, CNRS, DE

Carol Wellwood, Botanist & Agroecologist, Freelance, UK

Josepha Wessels, Senior Lecturer, Malmoe University, Sweden, SE

Russell West-Pavlov, Professor, University of Tubingen, Germany, DE

Gesa Weyhenmeyer, Professor, Uppsala University, SE

David Wheeler, Founder, Sustainable Transitions Costa Rica, CR

Alison Whybrow, Chartered Psychologist, The Vedere Partnership Ltd, UK

Kelly Widdicks, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Lancaster University, AT

Sarah Williams, University Lecturer, University of Cumbria, IE

Marc Wilson, Retired psychologist, climate activist, Marc Wilson, Ph.D., AU

David Windt, Physicist, Reflective X-ray Optics LLC, US

Jason Wirth, Professor of Philosophy, Seattle University, US

Howard Wiseman, Research Centre Director, Griffith University, AU

Sandra Wooltorton, Senior Research Fellow, Nulungu Research Institute, CA

Heather Young-Leslie, Professor (Adjunct) Anthropology, University of Alberta, CA

Caroline Zaoui, Biotech entrepreneur, Novobiom, BE

Stephen Zavestoski, Professor of Environmental Studies, University of San Francisco, US

Emmanuel Zilberberg, Assistant Professor, ESCP Business Scholl, FR